Search Search Search Board? The Germans gave em up and now they will speak Italian for loiiife! Largest economic partner? Of PNG? No European nations are in the top 5 for imports or exports to PNG IRL In this timeline its taken more of a spin towards Europe due to it being colonised by Italy from about to So culturally most urban Papuans are very Italian influenced much like how Filipinos are very Spanish influenced. The logistics of trade with a nation so far away It was named after the mathematician Aryabhata.
InRohini became the first satellite to be placed in orbit by an Indian-made launch vehicle, SLV These rockets have launched numerous communications satellites and Earth observation satellites. ISRO sent a lunar orbiter, Chandrayaan-1, on 22 Octoberwhich discovered lunar water in the form of ice, and the Mars Orbiter Mission, on 5 Novemberwhich entered Mars orbit on 24 Septembermaking India the first nation to succeed on its maiden attempt to Mars, as well as the first space agency in Asia to reach Mars orbit.
Formative Years Modern space research in India is traced to the s, when scientist S. Mitra conducted a series of experiments leading to the sounding of the ionosphere by applying ground-based radio methods in Kolkata. Later, Indian scientists like C.
Raman and Meghnad Saha contributed to scientific principles applicable in space sciences. However, it was the period after that saw important developments being made in coordinated space research in India.
Engineers were drawn from the Indian Ordnance Factories on deputation to harness their knowledge of propellants and advanced metallurgy as the Ordnance factories were the only organisation specialising in these technologies at that time. Studies were carried out at research laboratories, universities, and independent locations.
Inthe Department of Atomic Energy was founded with Bhabha as its secretary. The department provided funding for space research throughout India. During this time, tests continued on aspects of meteorology and the Earth's magnetic field, a topic that was being studied in India since the establishment of the observatory at Colaba in Inthe Uttar Pradesh state observatory was established at the foothills of the Himalayas.
Space research was further encouraged by the government of India. Inthe Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1 and opened up possibilities for the rest of the world to conduct a space launch. The Indian space program was driven by the vision of Vikram Sarabhai, considered the father of the Indian space program.Alternatively, you can select exam questions by topic by clicking here. C2 Solomon Papers. C3 Solomon Papers. C4 Solomon Papers. D1 Solomon Papers. M1 Solomon Papers.
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C3 — Question Paper. C3 — Mark Scheme. C3 June — Question Paper. C3 June — Mark Scheme. C3 January — Question Paper. C3 January — Mark Scheme. C4 — Question Paper. C4 — Mark Scheme. C4 June — Question Paper. C4 June — Mark Scheme.Tanks portal. There are three main operational Abrams versions, the M1, M1A1, and M1A2, with each new iteration seeing improvements in armament, protection, and electronics. Efforts to develop an M1A3 version were first publicly disclosed in The resulting design, the MBTincorporated new technologies across the board.
A hydropneumatic suspension provided excellent cross-country ride quality and also allowed the entire tank to be raised or lowered by the driver, with the lowest position placing the top of the tank only 6 feet 1. While the design was highly capable, its weight continued to grow, as did its budget.
Bythe unit cost stood at five times the original estimates. As a result of the problems with the MBT, the U. Army introduced the XM, using some technologies from the MBT but removing some of the more troublesome features.
This succeeded only in producing an expensive system with capabilities similar to the M After several rounds of input, the decision was made to offer maximum armor to defeat the "heavy threat". To this end, a new design basis emerged in FebruaryLK It had to defeat any hit from a Soviet gun within meters and 30 degrees to either side.
Examining the experiences of the Yom Kippur War that year, a number of design changes were made. At the time, the US military's procurement system was beset with problems being caused by the desire to have the best possible design. This often resulted in the programs being canceled due to cost overruns, leaving the forces with outdated systems, as was the case with the MBT There was a strong movement within the Army to get a new design within budget to prevent the MBT experience from repeating itself.
Chrysler and GM entered bids. The Army was planning on introducing several new types of ammunition for the that would greatly improve its performance, notably, the XM using depleted uranium. These rounds would give it the performance needed to defeat any Soviet tank with ease. There was some concern that depleted uranium would not be allowed in Germany, perhaps just in peacetime, so improvements to the tungsten cored M were also considered.
Through this same period, there was an ongoing effort to improve NATO logistics by standardizing ammunition to the maximum possible degree. In this case, the would give them the performance needed to defeat such a development even without depleted uranium. The turret designs of the two prototypes were modified to allow either gun to be fitted. They entered head-to-head testing at Aberdeen Proving Groundalong with a Leopard 2 "2K" prototype for comparison.
The testing showed that the GM design was generally superior, offering better armor protection, and better fire control and turret stabilization systems. During testing, the power packs of both designs proved to have issues. The Chrysler design used a gas turbine engine from Lycoming Enginesthe AGTwhich had extensive heat recovery systems in an attempt to improve its fuel economy to something similar to a traditional internal combustion engine. This proved not to be the case; the engine consumed much more fuel than expected.
The GM design used a new variable-compression Diesel design which proved to be problematic. By the spring ofthe decision to choose the GM design was largely complete. In addition to offering better overall performance, there were concerns about Chrysler's engine both from a reliability and fuel consumption standpoint.Recommend Documents. This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and students, to indicate the requirements of.
General Certificate of Secondary Education. Which of the following is an example of a test protocol when setting up a fitness test? Three cheers at the end of a game. Mark Scheme for the Units. June Advanced Subsidiary Advanced Subsidiary GCE.
Unit F Accounting Principles. This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and students, to indicate the One done well may reach the top of this level. This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and students, to indicate the requirements M1 for fds. A1 CAO. Accept any suitable unit for fd such as eg freq per 10 hours. L1 linear scales on both axes and label on vert axis. W1 width of bars.
H1 height It is also responsible for developing new specifications to meet national requirements and the needs of students and teachers. This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and students, to indicate the requirements of the examination. It shows the basis on which marks were awarded by Examiners. Mark schemes should be read in conjunction with the published question papers and the Report on the Examination.
OCR will not enter into any discussion or correspondence in connection with this mark scheme. Read more. Your name. Close Save changes. Remember me Forgot password?Factors alone are OK. For attempting to find critical values. For choosing outside region.
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Can f. Question number. Follow their curve in a up only. If it is not obvious do not give it. Follow through their 9. Total 5 marks. Give wherever it is first seen.
Condone arithmetic slips. Follow through their values for. Total 4 marks. For 4 terms, at least 3 correct. For a correct attempt to rationalise the denominator can be implied. Total 7 marks.
Use of. A correct equation based on. Then uses. M1, A1. For use of. May use b. One of b or c must be correct. For a correct 3TQ in p. Trial and Improvement. For substituting values of p into the equation and attempting to.
Must have x. They must include the x. Follow through their integration. Treat a and b together as a batch of 6 marks. M1 A1.Brigadier General is a senior rank in the Armed Forces. It is the lowest ranking General Officer in some countries, usually sitting between the ranks of Colonel and Major General. A Brigadier General is typically in command of a Brigade consisting of around 3, troops three Battalions. In some countries, this rank is given the name of Brigadier and not considered a General Officer rank, but is usually equivalent to Brigadier General in the armies of nations that use the rank.
In the first quarter of the 20th century, British and Commonwealth Armies used the rank of Brigadier General as a temporary appointment, or as an honorary appointment on retirement.
In the s this practice changed to the use of Brigadier, which was not classed as a General Officer and would often only apply while holding certain assignments. In the Australian Imperial Force during World War Ithe rank of brigadier general was always temporary and held only while the officer was posted to a particular task, typically the command of a brigade. When posted elsewhere, the rank would be relinquished and the former rank resumed. This policy prevented an accumulation of high-ranking general officers brought about by the relatively high turnover of brigade commanders.
Brigadier general was also used as an honorary rank on retirement. The rank insignia was like that of the current major generalbut without the pip. As in other parts of the United Kingdomthe rank was later replaced by brigadier. Hence, prior toa "brigadier general" was a "general officer"; subsequently, brigadiers were not "generals"; this is shown by the rank insignia being like that of a colonel, but with an extra third pip.
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Sign In Don't have an account? The following is an incomplete list of Australian brigadier generals. Contents [ show ]. Defence White Paper - Biographies. Department of Defence. Archived from the original on 10 October Mallett Archived 9 April at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 17 October Retrieved 10 July Spirit of Australia Foundation. Archived from the original on 20 December Ross Solly 8 April ABC Local.
ABC News. Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 2 December Please note if a past paper or mark scheme does not appear in this section, it is undergoing copyright clearance and can only be published once cleared. We are working to clear the copyright on the applicable papers and once this has been obtained, the papers and or mark schemes will be published.
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